Ankara, the second largest city of Turkey and the heart of the Turkish War of Independence, was planned in a modern manner and developed in a short period of time. Ankara, as from the known history, was founded by Celts who came from the Europe at 3rd century B.C and extended to Central Anatolia through the Balkans and the Bosphorus. Here, they established the Galatian State, which had Ankara as its first known capital. Later, the city has lived the Roman, Byzantine, Seljuk and Ottoman periods and came to its present situation.
The most visually impressive structure of Ankara is “Anıtkabir” –Mausoleum of Atatürk. Atatürk’s coffin was transferred from its temporary grave in the Ethnographic Museum to Anıtkabir with a great ceremony on November 10, 1953.